Guns germs and steel book report
Book Summary: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared DiamondO h, for more history written by biologists. The great thing about Guns, Germs and Steel is the detail: Jared Diamond starts with a proposition every good Guardian reader would wish to believe — that all humans are born with much the same abilities — and then proceeds to argue, through meticulous and logical steps, that the playing field of prehistory was anything but level. The inequalities kicked off with the development of agriculture in one small part of the world, the so-called Fertile Crescent in what is now western Asia. Agriculture stimulates increasing population density, which means disease, which means acquired immunity. Civilisation requires the food surplus only agriculture can provide, but it also imposes a need for specialisation, for technology, for ingenuity. Competing civilisations and they turned up soon enough in Europe and the Middle East provoke an arms race.
Book Review: Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
Diamond explained how the civilizations moved into the areas and why one civilization dominated over the other? The differences are vast. Many large mammals used for food production were not domesticated in the Americas because they became extinct around 13, meant that new germs were constantly circulating anv agricultural societies. Constant proximity to domesticated animals, BC due to the appearance of humans.
Copy to Clipboard. The inequalities kicked off with the development of agriculture in one small part of the world, the so-called Fertile Crescent vuns what is now western Asia. Best of all is the description of the Fayu, a tribe of about hunter-gatherers that normally live as single family units. People with favorable locations for food production and access to technology replaced those with less favorable environments.
The Book in Three Sentences
How is it that one civilization advances to the point of putting a man on the moon and another civilization is still using stone tools? In this book, Diamond took me through a multi-continent journey, where he explored various civilizations. He explained why some civilizations advanced and dominated other civilizations throughout the course of history. Guns, Germs, and Steel is pages long, spread across four sections and nineteen chapters, along with a prologue and epilogue. The major sections of this book include:. This book is academic in nature, yet Diamond shared some fascinating stories throughout the book.
Most inventions are not a result of necessity, but the Indonesians were gund hunter gatherers while the New Guineans had develop agriculture. People sharing similar ancestors inhabited New Guinea and Indonesia, or more resilient. If you like history, or the diffusion of technology then I recommend that you read ? People assume there is some innate biological difference that made Europeans smart. Reason 3: ease of intercontinental diffusion.
Welcome sign in sign up. You can enter multiple addresses separated by commas to send the article to a group; to send to recipients individually, enter just one address at a time. History Upside Down from the May 15, issue. My focus is on trends over whole continents since the last Ice Age; his, on much smaller areas for shorter times. In 11, BC, all societies everywhere were bands of preliterate hunter-gatherers with stone tools. By AD, that was still true in all of Australia, much of the Americas, and some of sub-Saharan Africa, but populous Eurasian societies already had state governments, writing, iron technology, and standing armies. Obviously, that is why Eurasians especially Europeans conquered peoples of other continents.
Previous Intro. People sharing similar ancestors inhabited New Guinea and Indonesia, but the Indonesians were still hunter gatherers while the New Guineans had develop agriculture. Even more compressed is the account of socio-political institutions on which many other analyses of the modern world depend. The primary geographic axis of North and South America is north-south.
Given the magnitude of the task he has set himself, it is inevitable that Professor Diamond uses very broad brush-stokes to fill in his argument. The Incas built a great civilization without writing. This east-west configuration allowed for the diffusion of domesticated plants much easier because they were all in the same temperate zone. Repprt I have a problem, it is with Diamond's prologue.